|Possibly a photo of William S Hutton (b.1836)|
William and his wife Ann had five children, although one son died in infancy. Neither of his two surviving sons followed him to sea, possibly because they were fairly young when he died and probably because he left them comfortably off in a complete contrast to the previous generation. William died in 1887 at the age of 48 from cancer of the stomach, Ann survived him living until she was 88 years old. The only sign that she had to take up work to support the family is in the 1901 census when she is listed as a Monthly nurse.
Joseph (b.1873) my own great grandfather was only 13 when William snr died. By 1871 he was a Grocer's apprentice aged 17 and his brother, another William (b. 1872) who was 15 when his father died worked his way up on the railways from messenger to fireman. The girls also worked, Annie (b. 1863) as a dressmaker and Jane (b.1868 and owner of the photo album) as a school teacher.
We always knew that William snr had been a sailor because my grandmother had a framed copy of his Master Mariner's certificate on the wall of her spare bedroom. My uncle has this now, but copies were recently released on Ancestry in the Masters and Mates Certificates, 1850-1927 collection.
|William S Hutton's Master Mariner's certificate (from Ancestry)|
|Reverse of William S Hutton's Master Mariner's certificate (from Ancestry)|
These enabled me to look his records in the Guildhall in London in August 1997 (such a long time ago!) quite easily. They used to keep the Lloyd's Captains Registers there, but I believe they have been moved to the London Metropolitan Archives. There is a partial index to the records online now but the letter H is not included. You would still need to go to London to consult the actual registers.
The records listed each ship he sailed on, the official number of the ship, when he served on it (details vary, sometimes just the year, sometimes full dates of engagement and discharge) and an abbreviation for the proposed destination of the ship. For example, FPS for France, Portugal, Spain and the Azores or B for Baltic, Norway, White Sea, and Gulf of Finland.
Here's an example of an entry for William:
1870 Leader 53122 M Jan 3 (in red ink) Feb 5 (in black ink) WI June 21 (red ink)
The ship's name "Leader" underlined means he was the Mate, and on 3rd Jan 1870 he returned from the Mediterranean, red ink indicates a discharge. On 5th Feb 1870 he was re-engaged for a voyage to the West Indies, from which he returned on 21st June.
Yesterday I was trying to fit all his periods of service into the family tree in order - I was curious as to how much time William snr was able to spend at home with his family and whether I could find out if he was at home when his children were born.
I recently purchased some timeline software that works with family tree Gedcom files - Genelines and I hoped that by entering all the data into my tree the timeline would show how events fitted together.
|William S Hutton's Timeline (created with Genelines) Click to enlarge|
William appears to be at sea during the time of his eldest child, Annie's birth. The large block from 1862 to 1865 represents his service on the Lebanon, a snow (a two masted square rigged type of ship) in the Mediterranean trade. I think I've picked out a couple of mentions of the correct ship from the Shipping & Maritime Intelligence pages of the 19th Century Newspapers online (free online from Newcastle Library and others), Alexandria is mentioned and Constantinople. He was probably backwards and forwards on a regular basis.
|From the Glasgow Herald, 26 Jun 1863. |
The Lebanon, master Hutchinon, set sail from Troon to Constantinople on 22nd.
(from 19th Century British Library Newspapers)
This topic could grow and grow so I'll end it here for now and sort out some more information for another day.