Mostly the OH knew where all the missing pubs had been before their demolition but one completely stumped him.
|The Gardener's Arms, somewhere in Barnsley|
|The Gardener's Arms from another angle|
Eventually a Google search hit on an entry on the National Archives site for "Miscellaneous papers salvaged from The Gardener's Arms, Nelson Street, Barnsley, just prior to demolition, Summer 1990". The items listed weren't very interesting, but the address of the pub was just what I was after. Adjacent to the entry for the Vine in Barnsley Streets 2 is a note that Nelson Street was shortened when the Western Relief Road was built causing the Eagle Inn to be lost, another pub the OH had never heard of. On page 60 of the book is a map from around the 1960s indicating with a dotted line the path of destruction that the relief road was to cause. It runs straight through no 18, Nelson Street, which is labelled PH for public house and continues on right through no 28, Pitt Street, the Vine Inn. But there is no mention of the Gardener's Arms ...
As an Open University student I can access a website called Digimap. The 1960s map of Nelson Street at the right scale isn't the same as the one in Barnsley Streets, but actually it does sort out a couple of questions I had about the picture on Yococo.
|Nelson Street, Pitt Street anad Castlereagh Street in the 1960s show a PH at 18 Nelson Street (from Digimap)|
In Barnsley Streets 2 the map shows Nelson Street running straight down through Castlereagh Street and beyond, bounded on the west by a school playground and on the east by a car park. The OH and I had been very puzzled by the Yococo picture, initially we could only assume that the person taking it had stood in the middle of the carpark, despite there being an obvious roadway in the picture. In fact when I zoomed out of Digimap the map at the scale above looked much more like the one in the book.
|1960s map of Nelson Street, Pitt Street and Castlereagh Street showing the path of the Relief Road (from Digmap)|
Remember that Barnsley Streets 2 only mentions the Eagle Inn on Nelson Street - nothing about the Gardener's Arms, and yet we have pictures of the Gardener's but nothing for the Eagle. The listing for the Eagle in the book ends with Emma Wordsworth's occupancy from 1928 to 1931, before that was Wm. Wordsworth from 1922 to 1928. There is a 1927 Kelly's Directory on Ancestry which lists "Wadsworth Wm. Eagle P.H. 17 Nelson Street". Just a small discrepancy in the name there, Wordsworth and Wadsworth, but this can be followed up. The same directory lists "Humphrey Herbert, beer retailer, 18 Nelson Street". A listing as a beer retailer suggests that the Gardener's Arms had a beerhouse licence at the time, it would not have sold wines and spirits.
Before the 1911 census was fully transcribed Ancestry provided access to the Summary Books and it is possible to search them by street.
|1911 census summary book for part of Nelson Street, Barnsley (from Ancestry)|
|Higher numbers on Nelson Street, from the 1911 census summary books (on Ancestry)|
Just to double check I looked at the census return for both properties. William Wadsworth is living at 18 Nelson Street with his wife Emma (probably the Emma who takes over the Eagle in 1928, we assume after William's death) and family of five plus a servant girl.
|1911 Census for William Wadsworth and family at 18 Nelson Street (from Ancestry)|
|The cover of the census return showing the address including Gardener's Arms|
|1911 Census for John Hornby at the Eagle Inn 17 Nelson Street (from Ancestry)|
All we need to do now is find the Eagle on a map and we'll have solved the mystery of the Nelson Street pubs.
|1889 map of the Castlereagh, Nelson and Pitt Street area (from Old Maps this time)|
I like the above map as well, for showing multiple places of worship, the Holy Rood Roman Catholic church, the Salem Chapel (Wesleyan Reform) on one side of Blucher Street and the United Free Methodist Chapel on the other. The 1998/2000 baptism transciptions from these last two are amongst the work I've been able to bring home from the Archives to retranscibe (as the electronic copies have been lost). If you skip back to the 1960s maps you will see that the Elim Pentacostal Church has appeared on Nelson Street, and the Church of the Holy Rood has been rebuilt in what I assume are its gardens on the 1889 map, with the older building being reused as a school.
The OH has now plotted both the Gardener's Arms and the Eagle on his CAMRA pub guide, but I haven't told him about the Albion yet ... I might save it for a birthday present - tomorrow!